The State Memorial and Natural Preserve "Museum-estate of Leo Tolstoy "Yasnaya Polyana"
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Государственный мемориальный и природный заповедник «Музей-усадьба Л.Н. Толстого «Ясная Поляна»

There are 21 works by well-known Soviet graphic artists N.A. Tyrsa and K.I. Rudakov in our museum’s collection. Both artists lived and worked in Leningrad (St. Petersburg). They belong to the so-called Leningrad school of graphic art. Tyrsa and Rudakov were engaged in painting, drawing, lithography, applied arts, and theatrical scenery design, and also worked as teachers. But what brought them fame and recognition was their illustrations to literary works by Russian and foreign classical authors: Pushkin, Lermontov, Gogol, Tolstoy, Turgenev, Gorky, Zola, Maupassant, and Prévost. In 1936, 1939 and 1940 N.A. Tyrsa created illustrations to Pushkin’s “Queen of Spades,” Tolstoy’s “Anna Karenina,” and Lermontov’s “A Hero of Our Time.” Twelve of Tyrsa’s autolithographs to “Anna Karenina” were purchased by the Yasnaya Polyana Museum from the artist’s daughter A.N. Tyrsa in 1984. The series includes: “Levin,” “Anna and Vronsky’s Meeting at the Station of Bologoye,” “Race. Vronsky before the Ride,” “A Party at Betsy Tverskaya’s,” “Levin’s Declaration of Love to Kitty,” “Karenin,” “Anna’s Meeting with Her Son,” “Levin at the Hunt,” “Anna’s Meeting with Dolly,” “Anna and Vronsky in Italy,” “Vronsky.” Two of them (“Anna and Vronsky’s Meeting at the Station of Bologoye” and “Anna and Vronsky in Italy”), dated 1938, have the author’s signature.

In the 1930s-40s K.I. Rudakov created a series of illustrations to “Eugene Onegin” by Pushkin, “Nana” by Zola, “Bel Ami” by Maupassant, “The Nutcracker” by Hoffmann, “Anna Karenina” and “War and Peace” by Tolstoy, “The Government Inspector” by Gogol, “Manon Lescaut” by Prévost, “Foma Gordeev” by Gorky, “Fathers and Sons” by Turgenev,  and also sketches of costumes for theatrical productions of “Woe from Wit,” “The Wedding,” and “Much Ado about Nothing.” Nine of Rudakov’s drawings and autolithographs were acquired by the Yasnaya Polyana Museum in different years. Seven of them were bought from the well known collector from Leningrad B.N. Basiliev in 1985; they include: “Getting Ready for the Hunt,” “Pierre and Natasha. Anna Pavlovna Sherer’s Salon,” “Natasha Rostova,” “Kutuzov with His Circle,” “Anna before the Mirror,” “Anna in a Ball-dress,” and “Anna’s Meeting with Her Son.” Two autolithographs, “Anna before the Mirror” and “Confession of Anna to Karenin” came into the collection earlier.

All the works mentioned above, except “Pierre and Natasha. Anna Pavlovna Sherer’s Salon,” and “Anna in a Ball-dress,” contain the author’s signature. On the reverse side of “Pierre and Natasha. Anna Pavlovna Sherer’s Salon,” “Natasha Rostova,” and “Kutuzov with His Circle” there is a registration inscription by the artist’s wife E.M. Rudakova. On the reverse side of “Getting Ready for the Hunt” and “Natasha Rostova” there are sketches of human figures by the author. Two of these works, “Pierre and Natasha. Anna Pavlovna Sherer’s Salon” and “Natasha Rostova,” were shown at the exhibition “Yasnaya Polyana in Leo Tolstoy’s Novel War and Peace” in Tula in 2003.

N.A. Tyrsa’s and K.I. Rudakov’s works are kept in many museums and private collections; they have been exhibited many times and gained recognition both in Russia and abroad. Our little collection is a part of the artistic heritage of these two outstanding masters of Russian art of the 20th century. 

Рудаков К.И. Анна перед зеркалом
Иллюстрация к роману Л.Н.Толстого "Анна Каренина". 1940 г.

Бумага, раскрашенная автолитография


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