The State Memorial and Natural Preserve "Museum-estate of Leo Tolstoy "Yasnaya Polyana"
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Sophia Tolstaya-Yesenina

S.A.TolstSophia Tolstaya was a daughter of Andrey Tolstoy, one of Leo Tolstoy’s younger sons. She was born in 1900 and named in honour of her grandmother who became her godmother. In 1925 she graduated from the State Literary Institute. Soon she married the famous poet Sergey Yesenin and lived with him for the last months of his life. Later Sophia did a lot to preserve the poet’s literary heritage. 
From 1928 Sophia worked at the State Museum of Tolstoy in Moscow. In 1941 she was appointed Director of the combined Tolstoy Museums.


In the first months of the war, when Yasnaya Polyana was threatened with Nazi occupation, she organized evacuation of the objects of the Tolstoy House; the work was finished two weeks before the Nazi troops entered the Tolstoy Museum. On October 13, 1941, 110 boxes with the objects were taken first to Moscow and then on to Tomsk. It was only three and a half years later that they returned to their old place, and on May 24, 1945 Sophia Tolstaya-Yesenina officially reopened the museum.
After Yasnaya Polyana was separated from the other Tolstoy museums, Sophia still remained the director of the State Museum of Tolstoy in Moscow.
She died in 1957 and was buried at the Tolstoy family cemetery in Kochaki, near Yasnaya Polyana.

 
 
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